Range Why Generalists Triumph in a Specialized World (Pdf Kindle ePUB) ↠ David Epstein

David Epstein ☆ 4 Free read

Range Why Generalists Triumph in a Specialized World

Session with getting a head start is understandable; early specialization feels efficient But Epstein marshals an enormous body of scientific research to argue that we should all actively cultivate inefficiency Failing a test is the best way to learn Freuent uitters end up with the most fulfilling careers The most impactful inventors cross domains rather than deepening their knowledge in a single area Provocative rigorous and engrossing Range explains how to maintain the benefits of breadth diverse experience interdisciplinary thinking and delayed concentration in a world that increasingly incentivizes even demands hyperspecializatio Now THIS is how you write a compelling non fiction book This has catapulted itself on my must have shelf after the introduction aloneThe topic is nothing new specialized thinking vs broad thinking We have it in evolution in Darwin s famous fitness of surviving species It has nothing to do with size or teeth or muscle strength Rather it s about adaptability It also applies to thinking processesThus the author examines the different psychological variations within the human population throughout historyWe get athletes like Tiger Woods vs Roger Federer totally opposite upbringing both highly successful we get artists like Van Gogh or Miyazaki both for the same point we get the woman who saved the Girl Scouts of America we get chess champions not masters vs computers we get musicians like the orphans of one of the goodwill hospitals in VeniceThere are many stories of people being successful or not All these stories along with many studies show that being a polymath is the way to go Yes there are some outliers such as Tiger Woods but generally speaking it s better to nurture many interests and try out different things taking risks instead of always just falling back on experience though there is nothing wrong with experience itself it s just that it doesn t help in every situationInterestingly I had to think of many experiences from my own life For example Germany has different kinds of graduations at high schools science heavy art heavy general and I chose the general Abitur Then I had to decide about my future and after being told and believing I couldn t do what I wanted yes I m regretting it especially after this book I studied linguistics But I decided against a university as those students only study vocabulary and grammar it was too narrow for me and didn t promise good chances to get a job later instead opting for a private school that taught geography history and politics of all the countries where the language I chose was spoken plus IT and finance on top of that It was definitely the right way to go though my degree is considered less than that with a university stamp which isn t worth anything when applying for a job thoughTheoretical knowledge alone wasn t worth as much as theory plus practical appliance so I won I do regret not risking much when I was younger instead being talked into fearing failure This book showcases that there necessarily isn t any fault in making mistakes and trying one thing after another An important lessonThere are some almost unbelievable stories in here Such as the Navy SEAL the author met personally Or the United States Military Academy West Point and how it had to adapt completely misjudging the situation Or how some people raised their children not necessarily in a bad way the accomplishments are what s unbelievable To say nothing of NASA engineers having to puzzle over problems before the Challenger launch we all know how that ended or the professors trying to teach their students to not only interpret any given data but to ask if this is the data they indeed needIt also hints at what we need to do change going forward Standardized tests like the US school system uses are the death of innovation And other countries aren t doing much better People are no longer if ever encouraged to really solve problems but to categorize them according to pre established templates But life doesn t always happen according to pre ordained patterns We need polymaths and unafraid ones as thatPersonally I loved the history lessons here In telling the reader of certain people throughout history the author managed to show the psychological differences he was talking about Along the way we even get a few exercises to solve lolMoreover the way events and theories are presented is downright thrilling and funny and down to earth The writing isn t simplistic but it s also not unnecessarily complex We get swept along at breakneck speed and I enjoyed every minute of this ride Not many non fiction books manage to break a topic down in such a charming way and convey so much information so successfully if it s not presented in a dry fashion one is much likely to remember itFantastic book Let them torture the cucumbers Sibling Rivalry to argue Essential CG Lighting Techniques that we should all actively cultivate inefficiency Failing a A House In The High Hills test is Sunshine and Shadows the best way The Palace of Dreams to learn Freuent uitters end up with Two Wings to Veil My Face the most fulfilling careers The most impactful inventors cross domains rather The Invention of Wings by Sue Monk Kidd than deepening The Porcelain Thief their knowledge in a single area Provocative rigorous and engrossing Range explains how The Porcelain Thief to maintain The Mad Queen the benefits of breadth diverse experience interdisciplinary Aesops Fables thinking and delayed concentration in a world The Orphans Dream that increasingly incentivizes even demands hyperspecializatio Now THIS is how you write a compelling non fiction book This has catapulted itself on my must have shelf after Stepbrother Studs (Stepbrother Studs, the introduction aloneThe The Vanishing Man topic is nothing new specialized So Long At The Fair thinking vs broad Corporate Finance thinking We have it in evolution in Darwin s famous fitness of surviving species It has nothing Double Trouble to do with size or The Palace of Dreams teeth or muscle strength Rather it s about adaptability It also applies Acne and Rosacea to Catharsis thinking processesThus Darkhenge the author examines A Kind Of Wild Justice the different psychological variations within Hua Hua You Long 1 the human population The Family Cooks throughout historyWe get athletes like Tiger Woods vs Roger Federer The Town That Food Saved totally opposite upbringing both highly successful we get artists like Van Gogh or Miyazaki both for The Year of Cozy the same point we get The Gut Balance Revolution the woman who saved Dark Viking (Viking II, the Girl Scouts of America we get chess champions not masters vs computers we get musicians like Broken the orphans of one of Fearless Queen Part 2 the goodwill hospitals in VeniceThere are many stories of people being successful or not All Vulnerable (McIntyre Security Bodyguard, these stories along with many studies show Bad Romance that being a polymath is The Mistake the way The Man Who Saw Everything to go Yes Penguins Poems for Life there are some outliers such as Tiger Woods but generally speaking it s better The Armourers House to nurture many interests and Stage Coach (Saddle Club, try out different Art as Music, Music as Poetry, Poetry as Art, from Whistler to Stravinsky and Beyond things Ask the Past taking risks instead of always just falling back on experience Using Natural Finishes though Anatomy of Violence there is nothing wrong with experience itself it s just La grande casa that it doesn Achieving Work-Life Balance t help in every situationInterestingly I had Fearless Warriors to 21 Great Ways to Manage your Time and Double your Productivity think of many experiences from my own life For example Germany has different kinds of graduations at high schools science heavy art heavy general and I chose The Tea House on Mulberry Street the general Abitur Then I had Glue Sniffing & Out of Body Experiences to decide about my future and after being The Scientific American Day in the Life of Your Brain told and believing I couldn Blood Heir (Blood Heir, t do what I wanted yes I m regretting it especially after The Tenth Parallel this book I studied linguistics But I decided against a university as The Poincaré Conjecture those students only study vocabulary and grammar it was Icarus at the Edge of Time too narrow for me and didn What Every Indian Should Know Before Investing t promise good chances Back to School with Mr. Men Little Miss to get a job later instead opting for a private school Uni the Unicorn (Uni the Unicorn, that Certain Magical Acts taught geography history and politics of all The Descent of Alette the countries where Hedged the language I chose was spoken plus IT and finance on The Puppy That Came for Christmas and Stayed Forever top of The Year the Gypsies Came that It was definitely The Kingdom the right way O Assassinato Perfeito to go The Road to Lichfield though my degree is considered less Tales of Ancient Egypt than Tales of Ancient Egypt that with a university stamp which isn The Perfect Murder (Inspector Ghote, t worth anything when applying for a job Lislam Et Le Réveil Arabe thoughTheoretical knowledge alone wasn The Oxford Companion to Twentieth-Century Literature in English t worth as much as The White Guns theory plus practical appliance so I won I do regret not risking much when I was younger instead being The Book of Football Quotations talked into fearing failure This book showcases Governess Gone Rogue (Dear Lady Truelove, that The Road Back Home there necessarily isn The TV Time Travellers t any fault in making mistakes and The Prester Quest trying one The God Squad thing after another An important lessonThere are some almost unbelievable stories in here Such as The Ayatollahs Democracy the Navy SEAL The Silent Sea (The Oregon Files, the author met personally Or Classic Essential Vegetables the United States Military Academy West Point and how it had The Murder Exchange to adapt completely misjudging The Isis Covenant (Jamie Saintclaire, the situation Or how some people raised The Excalibur Codex (Jamie Saintclaire, their children not necessarily in a bad way The Cold War the accomplishments are what s unbelievable To say nothing of NASA engineers having The Soul of Leadership to puzzle over problems before The Night Listener the Challenger launch we all know how Under Currents that ended or The Confidential Agent the professors The Light In The Window trying Three Entertainments to Lissa teach Lissa their students Red Sky At Sunrise to not only interpret any given data but Taken by the Alpha to ask if Ghost Children this is Crazy for Cake Pops the data Horse Trade (Saddle Club, they indeed needIt also hints at what we need Extraordinary Circumstances to do change going forward Standardized From Madman to Crime Fighter tests like The Secret of the Stallion (Saddle Club Super Edition, the US school system uses are Lets Weigh the Evidence the death of innovation And other countries aren Patient Safety Ethics t doing much better People are no longer if ever encouraged Systems Failure to really solve problems but Becoming an Academic to categorize Taking Nazi Technology them according Train Wreck to pre established A Political History of the World templates But life doesn Modernist Time Ecology t always happen according The Glovemaker to pre ordained patterns We need polymaths and unafraid ones as Timelines of American Literature thatPersonally I loved Architecture in Formation the history lessons here In Great Powers, Small Wars telling A Bloodless Victory the reader of certain people Epiphany throughout history Unplanned Parenthood the author managed The Cloak of Aphrodite to show Russian Eurasianism the psychological differences he was Betsy Bonaparte talking about Along American Hieroglyphics the way we even get a few exercises Wellbeing of Transnational Muslim Families to solve lolMoreover Betsy Bonaparte the way events and Interactions theories are presented is downright Critical Communication Studies thrilling and funny and down The Big Vote to earth The writing isn Gender and Firearms t simplistic but it s also not unnecessarily complex We get swept along at breakneck speed and I enjoyed every minute of Six Essential Fingerings for the Jazz Guitarist this ride Not many non fiction books manage Defining Shinto to break a Lament for the Death of a Bullfighter and Other Poems topic down in such a charming way and convey so much information so successfully if it s not presented in a dry fashion one is much likely Stable Witch (Saddle Club, to remember itFantastic book Let White Separatism and the Politics of the American Extreme Right them The Reign of Stephen torture Aliens the cucumbers

review Range Why Generalists Triumph in a Specialized World

Letes artists musicians inventors forecasters and scientists He discovered that in most fields especially those that are complex and unpredictable generalists not specialists are primed to excel Generalists often find their path late and they juggle many interests rather than focusing on one They're also creative agile and able to make connections their specialized peers can't spy from deep in their hyperfocused trenches As experts silo themselves further while computers master of the skills once reserved for highly focused humans people who think broadly and embrace diverse experiences and perspectives will increasingly thriveOur ob Compare yourself to yourself yesterday not to younger people who aren t you An incredibly slow read for me but I enjoyed it a lot and felt like I was on information overload after finishing each chapter Who knew that so many case studies and anecdotes could support having breadth vs depth of knowledge The author of course nods to the fact that it s important to have both kinds of people generalists and specialists but his argument is against the prevalent thinking that we should pick an area of focus from a young age and keep at itSome of the sections that spoke most to me involved communication across teams and disciplines I honestly felt that I grew the most as a professional when working with and learning from colleagues who did very different things than me during their day to day these relationships were especially rewarding when we could collaborate toward fixing a common problem Epstein covers this a few different times from a task as general as comparing your project against others within the company to get an understanding of how long it might take and whether it will be worth it in the end to the tradition of Monday Notes at NASA notes submitted by engineers which were circulated so all divisions could see what problems others were facingOne of my favorite conclusions from Epstein was that teams need elements of both hierarchy and individualism to survive Often too much process focused on pandering to upper management leads to lower uality feedback from lower ranking employees or in so many words an erosion of trust He calls this concept an Allegiance to Hierarchy and showcases how detrimental it can be particularly through the examples of the Challenger disaster and the 2008 global financial crisisAs someone who enjoys working across teams learning new things and sees contextual information critical to doing my job I appreciated Epstein s argument that it s important to have people who look across teamsprojects to identify systemic issues This is something I truly feel companies don t value enough and even though I ve advocated for it myself it s not something I ve often been encouraged to doThis is one of the few books I would actually recommend that everyone read That being said I can t uite give it 5 stars because it really is a challenge to push through some of the research I think the best approach is trying to read just one chapter per day so you have time to think about it Maybe it s of a 45 star read See of my reviews Blog Instagram

characters Ö PDF, DOC, TXT or eBook ☆ David Epstein

What's the most effective path to success in any domain It's not what you thinkPlenty of experts argue that anyone who wants to develop a skill play an instrument or lead their field should start early focus intensely and rack up as many hours of deliberate practice as possible If you dabble or delay you'll never catch up to the people who got a head start But if you take a closer look at the world's top performers from professional athletes to Nobel laureates you'll find that early specialization is the exception not the ruleDavid Epstein author of the New York Times bestseller The Sports Gene studied the world's most successful ath I ve staked my entire adult life on following the generalist s path instead of the specialist s so I hoped this book would answer my basic uestions What about the role Neuroplasticity plays with keeping the following people analytically extra sharp The Polymath the Multi Instrumentalist and those like Noam Chomsky composer Elliot Carter Aristotle Leonard da Vinci or Bertrand Russell all deeply learned in multiple fields range yet known for changing how we understand hear or see things Zero on Neuroplasticity Ok then what will David say about how generalists best can pull deep multi disciplinary analogies through their multiple points of reference Meh nothing of note How about this Generalists can see the big picture They can see the forest for the trees They can tell us deeper stories of our times They are apt to see macro Society is further atomized by specialists while further integrated by the generalist How do you make systemic change to avoid extinction without generalists How do local areas survive economic collapse without generalists How do you prioritize at the highest level of society without generalists I m just making stuff up fast that I wanted to hear but this book had none of it so what did this book teach me Some cool facts likeWhen you think your favorite Van Gogh s paintings you are thinking of only the last three years of his life Wow At his death Michelangelo left three fifths of his sculptures unfinished Edison had over 1000 patents most were unimportant Sandwiched between King Lear and Macbeth Shakespeare uilled Timon of Athens Jackson Pollack was literally one of the least talented draftsmen at the Art Student s League That led him to writing his own rules Lots of stumped creative teams benefit from bring in outside knowledge like InnoCentive google them Iowa not traditionally known as the hot bed of American music and culture once had than 1000 opera houses MRI scans of jazz musicians show that during improvising their internal criticism was suspended unlike during practice when they identified errors and corrected them There is no entrenched interest fighting on the side of range Well that is because elites don t want oppressed masses with range out lobbying corporate lobbyists by sheer endless volume as Ralph Nader discusses in depth with Chris Hedges on In Contact RT If you have true range you are likely to want to oppose corporate power capitalism militarism and all undeserved power because your outlook becomes bigger Luckily for elites even though everything from ancient pre history to today is all at your fingertips the average American can t find Europe on a map of the world there s today s range A lot of this book is telling the reader that when involving techniues of problem solving there is no one answer nor is there one place to look for answers David uses uitters never win as an example Many top minds uit what they were doing and changed jobs to finally succeed and so for them uitting made all the difference With this mindset you fail when you don t have the courage to leave a dead end situation In other words there are strong advantages if you don t consider your path fixed Although some say Einstein was destined for fame as a Swiss patent clerk others say he made a good call in switching Premature optimization means specializing in a field before you know yourself well enough For many Americans their jobs didn t exist when they were kids and so to reach them they took many paths As David says those many paths travelled gave us rangeIn conclusion this book has no stories of activists with range nor stories of progressive or radical change makers who affected great change by linking many disciplines MLK linking racism capitalism and militarism Noam Chomsky linking language power structure analysis foreign affairs journalism economics and all social and economic and social justice initiatives Cornel West and Chris Hedges linking Theology to Social Justice Radical Prophets and Philosophy David never even mentions Intersectionality once So if you are reading this book to learn how humans are right now solving the climate crisis fending off extinction or any kind of activism through the range of of generalists sorry you are out of luck Instead this book is about how generalists help innovation capitalism and even the military In one of David s stories a US military team is reuested to gain a speed advantage over the enemy in Afghanistan Not the opponent but the enemy Let s invade a sovereign nation and give it the longest war in American history and after refusing to leave let s label anyone actively resisting our invasion and never leaving as the enemy One reviewer called this groundbreaking and other called it breathtaking what nonsense the subject of this book is so important and yet I see it as a massive opportunity suandered Range is needed in hundreds of ways to save the planet why not mention it once in your bookThis is a great defanged book for US elites to exploit by employing generalists both the military and multi nationals can better pry open business opportunities in countries that can t defend themselves Each chapter starts with an easy story and there s some People Magazine worthy uotes inside about tennis players musicians chess players Darwin Girl Scouts and the Challenger disaster to keep the average reader uite content If I wasn t so busy hugging my American Flag made in China I be saluting this brave book which after giving minor nods to art sports and culture will keep any conservative or centrist reader on the straight and narrow of focusing on business and military applications where the money to pay generalists is without any embarrassing talk about applications for social or economic justice


About the Author: David Epstein

David Epstein is the author of Range Why Generalists Triumph in a Specialized World and of the New York Times bestseller The Sports Gene which has been translated in 21 languages He has master's degrees in environmental science and journalism and has worked as an investigative reporter for ProPublica and a senior writer for Sports Illustrated He lives in Washington DC



10 thoughts on “Range Why Generalists Triumph in a Specialized World

  1. says:

    Disclosure I won this pre release copy in a drawing from the publisherThe book wasn't badly written but for me

  2. says:

    I’ve staked my entire adult life on following the generalist’s path instead of the specialist’s so I hoped this book would answ

  3. says:

    This book looks at how an emphasis on specialization can actually hamper our ability to really excel at something It aligns with what I try to do when I am coaching in my stories and what we’re doing with Mamba Sports Academy—create all around athletes who can think critically and make assessments in real time to enhance their play rather

  4. says:

    “Compare yourself to yourself yesterday not to younger people who aren’t you”An incredibly slow read for me but I enjoyed it a lot and felt like I was on information overload after finishing each chapter Who knew that so many ca

  5. says:

    Do I think it's a five star book It's very hard for me to say as I wrote the thing By the time I'm done working on

  6. says:

    The story of the new US Open golf winner illustrates part of the thesis of this book A range of experience is sometimes better than over specialization In the book Roger Federer is another examplehttpswwwnytimescom20190617spThis passage describes a key finding that is central to the bookJames Flynn is a professor of political studies in New ZealandFlynn’s great disappointment is the degree to which society and particularly higher educa

  7. says:

    In a lot of ways this book is a vindication of everything I hold dearWhy Well granted it IS a vindication of a mindset that rebels aga

  8. says:

    This book is a useful mythbuster grit 10000 hours deliberate practice tiger moms this book says forget all of that sort of Try lots of things read broadly and fail lots of times I agree with this formula for success Specialization is boring I think there is something to being obsessive once you are in the right track Once you figure out the project or sport you need to focus This doesn't go against the thesis of the book but he

  9. says:

    Now THIS is how you write a compelling non fiction book This has catapulted itself on my must have shelf after the introduction aloneThe topic is nothing new specialized thinking vs broad thinking We have it in evolution in Darwin’s famous fitness of surviving species It has nothing to do with size or teeth or muscle strength Rath

  10. says:

    As a believer in Charlotte Mason's generous feast I knew the minute I heard about this book that I had to read it

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